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Name The Culprit


Out on the mean streets of the city, you need to make links between phrases that are the same person, location, or object.

Has the phrase shown in orange been mentioned before in this text or is it a property? Use your mouse to select the closest phrase(s) if it has been mentioned before.

Name The Culprit tasks

In this task you have to answer the question:

Does the phrase highlighted in orange refer to an entity (person or other object) that has been mentioned before in this text?

If you think so, you should use your mouse to select the closest phrase(s) referring to that object. But note that some phrases do not refer at all, and some do not refer to persons/objects, but to properties of these entities; you should mark those interpretations as explained below if that's the case.

Phrases not mentioned before

This is the case when the phrase introduces in the text a new entity (person, object) not mentioned before. Read through the text for an earlier mention of the same entity. If you can't see one then the phrase should be classified as 'not mentioned before'. For example, suppose you're seeing the first sentence of a text:

Sherlink Holmes went to the shop.

Because this is the first sentence, you will not have seen any previous mention of the person "Sherlink Holmes", so you should click:

Phrase mentioned before

If, however, you think that the phrase refers to an entity that has been mentioned before, then you should use your mouse to select the most recent mention. For instance, if you're now seeing a bit more of the story in the previous example:

Sherlink Holmes went to the shop. It was closed.

and the phrase "it" is highlighted in orange, and you think that "it" refers to the same object as the earlier phrase "the shop", you should click on "the shop" to select it.

Note that the same entity may be mentioned several times. For instance, if the story above continues with:

Sherlink Holmes went to the shop. It was closed. It had a sign saying "Back in five minutes".

and this time the game asks you to interpret the second "it," there will be two earlier mentions of the shop to choose from, "the shop" and the first "It". In these cases, you should select the mention that is closest to the highlighted phrase (i.e., the first "It" in this case).

Note also that many phrases refer to more abstract 'entities' than persons or physical objects. For instance, in the following example:

Sherlink Holmes went to a party. It started at 6pm and went on for hours.

the phrase "it" refers to the party, which is an event rather than a concrete object.

You should be aware that the most recent mention of a person or an object may be 'nested' inside another phrase. Suppose you are seeing the following story:

Sherlink Holmes' favourite shop is Harrods. Yesterday he went there to buy some marmite, but it was closed.

In this text the phrase "Sherlink Holmes" is nested inside the phrase "Sherlink Holmes' favourite shop". If you click on the phrase "Sherlink Holmes," you'll see a pop-up menu appear, allowing you to choose between "Sherlink Holmes" and the phrase "Sherlink Holmes' favourite shop". Again, you should choose the appropriate phrase by clicking on it.

Finally, in some cases a (typically, plural) phrase refers to a set of objects that have been introduced separately. Consider for instance the following example:

Sherlink Holmes met the Queen. They chatted for an hour.

This phrase refers to both Sherlink Holmes and the Queen. In such cases, you should select two phrases: "Sherlink Holmes" and "the Queen".

In all these cases you make your selection in the text, then click on:



Non-referring phrases

Some phrases do not refer to anything, and are therefore called non-referring, for example:

It Rains!

"It" has no semantic content; it's there just because in English sentences have to have a subject. Another example would be:

There are lots of children here!

Again, the phrase "There" has no semantic content, and the sentence could be rewritten as "Lots of children are here!". Only the words "it" and "there" can be non-referring in this way, so watch out for them!

Phrases that are a property

Some phrases are not used to refer to an entity, but to provide additional information about an entity referred to by another noun phrase. For example, in the sentence:

Jon, the postman, delivered the letter

The phrase "the postman" is used to specify a property of Jon (his profession) rather than to indicate an object. Contrast the use of the very same phrase in the sentence where it is used to refer to a person:

The postman delivered the letter.

Other examples of phrases used to specify a property (type) of an entity rather than a separate entity include:

George is a man.

Jon was hired as a lecturer.

Many people think of their house as their castle.

Examples of phrases that are NOT used to specify a property of other entities include:

Jon has a cat.

Note that here we are talking about two different entities: the person Jon and his cat.

Massimo has a bad hip.

In this sentence "a bad hip" is a part of Massimo but doesn't specify what type of individual Massimo is therefore we consider these two distinct things.

Other tips

There may be phrases hidden inside other phrases so look for the popout boxes containing these extra phrases.

If you are unsure about a phrase you can skip to the next one. If you think there is an error or would like to let us know something about the phrase then use the comments box underneath the main buttons. You may still submit your decision after submitting a comment.

Some of the phrases you are looking for could be as many as 5 sentences before the highlighted phrase.

Remember: Always try to select the phrase closest in terms of the amount of text character distance to the highlighted word.

Additional hints are shown on the right hand side of the screen.

Below are some further examples of phrases and how you should mark them.

and went to in a black taxi cab.


The phrase in orange has not been mentioned before so click:

and went to . It was closed.


Use your mouse to hover over the text and choose a phrase that the orange phrase refers to. In this case you should select "the shop".
Once you have selected your phrase(s) click:

and went to . They were hungry.


In this case you should select "Holmes" and "Watson".
Once you have selected your phrase(s) click:

" is for " he said.


In this case you should select "me".
Once you have selected your phrase(s) click:

coat was torn but kept the villian dry.


In this case you should select "His".
Once you have selected your phrase(s) click:

was torn but liked it.


In this case you should select "His coat".

Once you have selected your phrase(s) click:

and went to . It was raining.


The phrase orange does not refer to anything and should be marked as non-referring:

is the greatest detective thought Watson.

The phrase in orange is a property of the phrase "Holmes", in this case his occupation.
Select the phrase the property refers to, check the property checkbox and click "Done":

This is a property

Done

will be the President of the United States.

The phrase in orange is a property of the phrase "Barack Obama", in this case his position.
Select the phrase the property refers to, check the property checkbox and click "Done":

This is a property

Done

was a CIA led project to monitor Russian spys.

The phrase in orange is a property of the phrase "Acoustic Kitty", in this case what it was.
Select the phrase the property refers to, check the property checkbox and click "Done":

This is a property

Done

I've made a mistake, how can I correct it?

The game is designed to filter out incorrect decisions by anonymously asking other detectives what they think. If you have made a mistake your decision will eventually be disregarded.

Why do I get points for answers that are wrong?

Your best answers will earn you more points the more that other detectives agree with you, potentially up to 10 times more, so putting the answers you think are right will earn you the most points in the long run.

Why can't I select the phrase I want to?

The most likely reason is that the automatic processing that detects the words and phrases has gone wrong and detected the wrong things. It may also be because some phrases are embedded in other phrases. You can write a comment about the phrase and skip to the next one if you can not select an appropriate referring phrase.

How can I get to the text at the beginning of the document?

Part of the game experience is to provide a "restricted context", by which we mean we only give you a set amount of text before and after the phrase. If you can't select the phrase because it has gone outside of this range then please write a comment and skip to the next phrase.

Why are the hidden phrases so difficult to select?

Unfortunately some texts have very in-depth phrases which means there are numerous embedded phrases to choose from. We are working on better ways to present this in the future.
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